The Lord Jesus was with his disciples among the other guests at the
marriage in Cana of Galilee. As the invited guests arrived there would
have been servants at the door, and on either side of the door there
were 3 great big stone waterpots. As the guests filed in, the servants
would splash water on the hands and feet of every guest. After a short
ceremony the wedding feast would begin.
This passage concerning the marriage in Cana teaches us that Jesus is
God and he has great power. In this account of this wedding feast, the
apostle John, inspired by the Holy Spirit, furnishes us only with the
essential details. When: it was on the third day. Where: Cana of Galilee
Who: Jesus, his mother and some of the disciples.. Why: they were at a
The teaching on marriage: V1-2 Marriage is honourable. One of the first
public events of the Lord’s ministry was to attend a wedding because
marriage is honourable and good or else Jesus wouldn’t have been there.
Those who lightly esteem marriage have not the mind of Christ. Marriage
is hallowed because Jesus was there. This an important point because
marriage is lightly esteemed in these days. But in this passage,
marriage is honourable. It’s all too common nowadays to hear even
believers saying to a young couple who are engaged and who are so close,
“it will all end once you are married” it happens all the time.
Marriage sometimes becomes the butt end of jokes. There is always some
one to comment. But the bible says that marriage is honourable in all.
The closeness of engaged people does not end once you are married, but
it becomes stronger as the years go by. A properly cultivated marriage
grows as the years go by. God ordained marriage. Christ graced marriage
by his presence at Cana of Galilee. When somebody starts to make jokes,
the question to ask is this: Was God wrong? was Christ wrong on the area
of marriage? of course he wasn’t.. so why do some Christians make fun
of something that God has ordained? The flippant attitude concerning
important things comes from worldly attitudes towards serious things.
Unbelievers do not hold marriage as God does. How does a Christian make
sure they are not worldly? Be not conformed to this world but be ye
transformed by the renewing of your mind. It’s a different mindset. Let
this mind be in you which is also in Christ Jesus. A Christians outlook
to life and all important things including marriage is the same as
Christ’s outlook, not the worlds. Christ was invited to the wedding in
Cana and he agreed with the wedding, and he came to the wedding.
It’s not wrong for godly people to celebrate: We could take from the
reading of this passage that it is not wrong for godly people to
celebrate. Christ celebrated the wedding by his presence. God doesn’t
want miserable Christians who never celebrate anything. It is not wrong
for godly people to celebrate. Some people think that a Christian should
always be somber and serious. Never laugh, go around with a melancholy
face. But that is not right. The book of Ecclesiastes says there is a
time to weep and a time to laugh. But this is not referring to people
who go around with a stupid smile on their face all the time, that is
just silly. It’s not wrong for godly people to celebrate because Jesus
was there at the marriage in Cana.
This passage also has a lesson for that type of person who is a laugh a
minute partygoer who says they are a Christian, because they are at the
other extreme. Those who say, and there are many today, Christ loved
going to parties..Christ’s presence at the marriage was a party, and the
parable of the lost son talks about music and dancing. Many people have
a theology of fun. But any person who says they are a Christian and
talks like that is talking nonsense. Christ was at a celebration because
he was invited, and the reason why people attend marriage celebrations,
and the reason why people go to parties are totally different. There
are totally different mind-sets. You can’t use Christ’s presence at a
marriage feast to justify a Christian going to parties. A marriage feast
is a gathering of people to witness the most important step in life
that two people can make, and is closely connected with a religious
ceremony, but the other attitude, people who think they can go to
parties, this is a non-religious gathering for pleasure and
entertainment of a questionable nature. There is no parallel at all. One
is the world’s attitude and the other is not.
Jesus’ mighty power: V5-11 To run out of wine at a Jewish wedding in the
days of Jesus was very serious. But Jesus helps them. The six stone
jars that the servants used to wash the people’s feet and hands are
empty now but Jesus told the servants to go and fill them with water.
They had to take those big jars to the well to fill them, big stone
waterpots. 180 gallons of water apiece. These were brought back to the
feast and Jesus told them to draw out the water and take it to the
governor of the feast. The servants obeyed and the governor tasted it
and it was the best wine because Jesus has turned the water into the
best of wine. This miracle is very special because the bride and groom
didn’t even know. The servants who drew the water knew but the rest of
the people didn’t know. There was no fanfare of trumpets, no showing
off, Jesus simply met the need in silence. He didn’t want praise, he
just wanted to meet the people’s need without drawing attention to
himself. Christians are like Christ, they meet needs without any
sensation, but the world does the complete opposite.
The bible doesn’t tell you that Jesus even touched the waterpots, it
doesn’t tell you that Jesus commanded the water to turn into wine, he
didn’t speak. It doesn’t tell you that Jesus prayed to God, he didn’t.
What Jesus simply did is speak his instruction to the servants and
willed the change and it happened. No prophet in the old testament, no
apostle in the new testament nor anyone ever since for that matter has
ever worked a miracle in that way. Jesus willed it and it happened. He
bypassed all the years of fermenting, he bypassed the addition of
grapes. He willed it and water was made the best of wine. This is like
the book of Genesis at the creation when God willed it and it happened.
Darkness became light at the will of God. Water gave way to land at the
will of God. God’s will happens. Whoever can do a miracle like this at
the marriage, turning 180 gallons of water into 180 gallons of wine
simply by an act of his own will is no less than God.
This miracle teaches the divinity of Jesus. Jesus is God and what God
wills happens. Christians do not worship a weak God who lets this world
run out of control, we worship a God who is in control. God permits sin
but God ordains purity and good. God permits sinners to sin and then he
decrees the consequences of their sin and its all working to fulfill the
destiny of this world which is a final cataclysm. God works all things
for the good of his people. The message of this passage is that Jesus is
God and God’s will is always done.
What is the application? Well sinner, this is a message for you. Jesus
Christ has power to transform water into wine in a moment. There is no
greater power in all the world than the power to transform something, to
change one substance into a different substance at will. To change
sinner into saint in an instant at the will of God. The bible says
concerning Jesus Christ, John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that
he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should
not perish, but have everlasting life.” When you obey Christ, you
obey the bible, believe in him and be transformed. Past sins, present
sins, future sins will all be gone, you will be changed in a moment,
changed in your nature, changed in your will and desires. Changed from
being a child of the devil to a child of God, transformed from being
guilty to forgiven. Jesus has been doing that for thousands of years. Do
you want proof that the gospel is real? Look around, every born-again
Christian is the proof. They used to be different but God changed them.
God changed them from a child of darkness to a child of light. And
sinner, he can change you! He can give you the true joy and pleasure
forevermore. Ask God to forgive you sinner, confess your sins, trust in
Lord Jesus Christ as your Saviour and you will be changed as much as the
water was transformed into wine, God only has the power to transform
He will do it for all who repent of their sins and rest their case with Christ.
The above notes were made by myself from the sermon by Paul Dowling of Whiteabbey Congregational (Reformed) at Sermon Audio